Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review.
You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract.
You can also enter references manually into RefWorks if you need to. Identify the literature that you will review: Print view To write a literature review, you must first decide what form the review will take — descriptive or a critical assessment.
Definitions of key terms and concepts. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.
Developing a coherent essay Galvan, Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article.
Check the flow of your argument for coherence. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.
As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it.
How do you conduct a literature review? Redefine your topic if needed: If the review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction.
It provides an overview of the main theories and hypothesesappropriate methods and methodologies, what questions are being asked, the key findings, and who the key writers are. Get your 4 step guide to writing a killer literature review by clicking on your preferred format below.
Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field.
Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search: In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.
Why do a literature review? You can approach your literature review by breaking it down into a number of stages: If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e. Access or File Maker Proin an Excel spreadsheet, or the "old-fashioned" way of using note cards.
Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article. Try to narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen remember: Define the problem Evaluate the materials Analyse the findings You then need to organize your review into an introduction, the main body, and the conclusion.
Be consistent in how you record notes. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time.
If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.
Research methods Summary of research results Step 6:MBAResearch Methods 1. How to Write a Literature Review (Part I) The most important question a study proposal needs to answer is: Why is this study important?
While conducting a review of the literature, maximize the time you devote to writing this part of your paper by thinking broadly about what you should be looking for and evaluating.
Review not just what scholars are saying, When you begin to write your literature review section, you'll be glad you dug deeper into how the research was.
1. Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g.
dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. The purpose is to offer an overview of.
As part of their research program, many students are instructed to perform a literature review, without always understanding what a literature review. Write a Literature Review.
Your First Literature Review; Literature Review Tools; Theses & Dissertations; Research Librarian Writing the Literature Review Part I. Defines what a literature review is - and is not.
Writing the Literature Review Part II. Organizing sources, basic steps in the writing process.
How do you write a literature review? First decide what form the review will take - descriptive or a critical assessment - then look at the relationships between different views and draw out key themes. A literature review should provide an overview of the main theories, methods and findings of scholarly papers in a given field or topic.Download